Gold jewellery similar to that carved on the Singosari Durga has been discovered in Central and East Java. Gold, though not common and probably expensive, was readily available in the large markets of Java. Gold ore can be found in several places in the archipelago: in West Java (near Banten), in Sumatra (in the Barisan mountain range), in Borneo and in Sulawesi. However, there is no archaeological evidence that Javanese gold deposits had been exploited during this early period. Gold mining seems to have been a major activity in Sumatra though, and it is from this island that Java most probably got its gold.
Goldsmithing had occurred in Java since prehistoric times, but techniques developed greatly during the classical period. In addition to hammered and repoussé works, numerous items of jewellery, including very tiny ones, were moulded and enhanced by incrustations of semi-precious stones. Covered with jewels, the image of the goddess was then true to her description in the ancient texts: she was shining as if rays of sunlight were emanating from the pores of her skin.