Gods

The ruins of Singosari have yielded numerous sculptures, which are witness to the faith of its ancient inhabitants. It is particularly through these sculptures that we see new developments arriving in Java and being absorbed in new forms.

Statue of Ganesha

The group of Shaiva images from Candi Singosari is common in Java, and consists of Shiva, Durga, Ganesha, Agastya, and Nandishvara and Mahakala. In this group we see that the motif of the skull and severed head, probably taken from tantric iconography, had been adopted.

Another group of Shaiva images appears to be a group surrounding the goddess (devi) who is Shiva’s wife. Two sculptures show the goddess: one in her manifestation as Parvati surrounded by Ganesha, Bhairava, Skanda and another form of Shiva; the other in her manifestation as Camundi, flanked by Ganesha and Bhairava.

Interestingly, there also seems to have been a group of rishi, most probably surrounding the image of Brahma. Another interesting pair of statues shows a deity between naked devotees carrying miniature yoni (pedestals that originally held miniature linga). This seems to suggest that Java was also affected by the influence of the Vira Shaiva sect, which was founded in Karnataka (South India) in the second half of the twelfth century.

Although it was formerly thought that both Hinduism and Buddhism were important at the site, in fact only a few Buddhist sculptures have been found there. However, among them is the beautiful image of Prajnaparamita.