Anushapati

According to the Pararaton, the succession of Ken Angrok resulted in a series of assassinations. Ken Angrok was murdered on the orders of his stepson, Anushapati – the son of Ken Dedes and her first husband. According to the Nagarakertagama, Anushapati ascended the throne in 1227. He reigned for about 21 years, until 1248.

Little is known about this period. Anushapati does not seem to have issued any inscriptions. In any case none have survived. His fate was the same as that of his stepfather, for his stepbrother (the son of Ken Angrok and Ken Dedes), Panji Tohjaya, finally discovered the truth about the murder of his father and avenged his father’s death in the same manner as Anushapati had avenged his father. Anushapati was assassinated in 1248.

The Nagarakertagama tells us that Anushanatha (Anushapati) was deified after death in the form of a Shiva image in the religious domain (dharma) in Kidal. Since there is still a temple in a place named Kidal – the temple was called Candi Kidal after the place – it has been suggested that this was the location.

Unfortunately, there is no longer an image in the temple. It has been suggested that an image of Shiva in the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam may have originally come from Candi Kidal, but this idea has recently been dismissed by Pauline Scheurleer, who instead has argued that the image of Vishnu on Garuda (formerly thought to have come from the bathing place Belahan) was originally located in Candi Kidal. If this is true, it would be more difficult to connect this temple with King Anushanatha on the basis of the information in the Nagarakertagama.